Disrupt the mainstream

January 29, 2013 | 1 comment

Anonymous contre Acta à Rouen

“Mainstream culture,” as a concept, needs to die.

A little pre-history. The Diamond Sutra, a sacred Buddhist text and the world’s oldest surviving printed book, was produced in China in 868 AD. It took another couple of hundred years before moveable type was invented, and another four hundred years for the printing press to be invented. Almost six hundred years after the first printed book was created, it became possible to mass produce literature. Two hundred years after that, the first newspapers began to appear, but they didn’t reach large circulations for another two hundred years – a thousand years after the first book.

Because of the advances in the printing press that allowed for larger circulations, newspapers could be distributed over a much larger geographic area. Prior to that, they had mostly existed in communities, where the publishers were easily reached. An unintended side effect of wider distribution was that this feedback loop was eroded. Newspapers became a one-way medium; a trend that continued with the invention of newsreels, radio broadcasting, and the television. Almost simultaneously, manufacturing techniques improved to allow for mass-market products made out of new materials like plastics.

The separation wasn’t clean. Because of its capacity to reach large audiences quickly, both government and business had interests in the media that went well beyond (while embracing) traditional advertising. They underwrote content, leaned on the companies who produced it, censored both explicitly and implicitly, and created a media environment that sold not just products and ideas, but a way to live your life. More than ever before, there was a wrong way and a right way. There was a mainstream, and then there were niche interests. This had always been true to an extent, but the main route for lifestyle propaganda had previously been churches, who fearfully controlled the means of communication. In the modern age, the media itself began to take the place of religion. (Think about the semantics of the phrase “mass culture” for a second.) Business and government had a direct channel to get their messages to the people. At the time, this seemed like a liberation.

It wasn’t a liberation compared to what came next. The beginnings of the Internet showed up in 1969, not at all coincidentally during the peak of the counterculture movement in the sixties – the first cultural movement to challenge the mass-market status quo. Usenet showed up ten years later, allowing anyone to participate in semi-public discussions. Ten years after that, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web. Ten years after that, Napster was allowing anyone to trade music. A decade later, mass-market publishing was in free-fall.

For ordinary people, the utility of mass culture was coming to an end. Information was freely available without the involvement of businesses, governments or churches – both to consume and to produce. Anyone could publish, without anyone’s permission, no matter who or what they worshiped, where they had gone to school or how much money they had in their bank accounts. There were no corporate policies dictating who could be heard, and no slush piles where ideas that didn’t fit pre-defined marketing templates could languish. It was a free-for-all. Free as in speech.

In the middle ages, the church decried texts that defied its authority, often sentencing authors to death. In the 21st century we’re a little more laid back, but it’s nonetheless predictable that corners of the mass media, sensing that it’s under threat, have been arguing that Internet content is less reliable, or shady, even, contrary to the views held by the public. Meanwhile, proposed legislation like SOPA and PIPA and the Communications Decency Act were transparently aimed at neutering the new medium, and were often sponsored by the media companies themselves. (Wiser corners of both business and government have gone another way, and are simply buying these new media outlets.) Even now, opposition to SOPA is spun as a tech company triumph, while the truth is more subversive: the Internet is a grass-roots people connector, and it was the people who spoke in defense of their free speech.

Just as the media had fragmented from a few large organizations to something that every single person in the developed world could participate in, manufacturing is currently enduring the same kind of shock that publishing experienced. Sites like Kickstarter are flying in the face of traditional manufacturing processes, and allowing anyone to begin making products.

Mainstream culture was a construct. It was created partially by accident, because we were all consuming the same products and the same media, and partially on purpose, because people who conform to a set of ideals make better consumers from the manufacturers’ point of view and better citizens from government’s point of view. Once upon a time, it improved most of our lives through new manufacturing techniques and distribution models. In a world where this is no longer necessary, however, this imposed conformity is a kind of oppression. One need only look at the prevailing American ideals of strength over intellect, wealth over integrity, or the dismissal of “special interests”, to see a kind of fascism at work.

We’re all special interests. Humanity is beautiful because we’re all so different. We have dreams, ideals, values, goals and loves, and for each of us, down to a person, they’re all slightly different. That’s why democracy is so great – or at least, has the potential to be so great – and why freedom of speech is so important. We create a better society, and better lives for all of us, by embracing those differences and letting them form a patchwork, building something bigger together than the sum of all of us. Different ideas, cultural contexts, sexualities, abilities, preferences, characteristics, likes and dislikes; all of these are complementary as part of a bigger whole. The technology we build is there only to make our collective lives better; it doesn’t exist for itself, or so that we can make a profit. We’re building to progress. Technology is subversive, and always has been, because it empowers the previously unempowered. With the Internet, the time for enforced values has passed; we can all have a voice, and we can all have a media that serves us for who we really are. Ideas can and should be freely exchanged. People can and should be free to be themselves.

The concept of mainstream culture needs to become obsolete. That’s not to say that all the things in it can’t live on, enjoyed by audiences, or that the people who make their livings creating it can’t apply their skills to make new things for different kinds of people. That’s the point: it takes all sorts.

 
Photo: Anonymous contre Acta à Rouen by Frédéric Bisson, released under a Creative Commons license.

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1 Comment

  1. Well said. But it goes deeper. I’m advocating we explore more “Meatspace” Peer-to-Peer exchange of Dead Tree works. And Heirloom Seeds with Recipe books. . And events such as Poetry Readings.

    Recently my wife wrote a paper “thank you” letter to the author of a Cookbook recipe for Pizza crust- as opposed to buying frozen or from a megacorp takeout .chain. That’s a positive disruption. A BOOK alters many lives in good ways.

    Back to that Meatspace hand- to hand bit- like a book signed by the Author at a con or bookstore or Poetry Reading… Or a tech book at a Hackerspace/Makerspace/Faire. . .

    BOOKS on PAPER with emphasis intentional. Governments can Retconn electrons a whole lot easier than Ink On Paper.. And from that… Unpublishing the TRULY Disruptive becomes Whack-A-Mole if we keep the proper mindset of cherishing disruption as a duty. In a seemingly vanished time we used tools like Mimeo and Riso to make short runs. Look at the page count of some world changing technical texts to say nothing of medical or political. Theology is in a class aside as oral transmission of faiths Vs technology has been old history. With some exceptions. And TECHNOLOGY is a FAITH of sorts.

    So we go back to an amusing entanglement that splits tech secular from Theocratic folks.

    Many religions or philosophical works embedded survival science in their texts. And I’ve misplaced my ten foot pole for going further either way. But- even if we do embrace Electrons over Ink?

    I’ve wondered what archive of disruptive Old Texts and ones not yet written will become an essential collection? Horse collars, Seed Drills, Cotton Gins, Vaccination& Contraception- all are arguably survival of species FACTS that Theologians have opposed or tried to suppress. Sad Truth.

    A few pages on Passive Solar can alter how we build or remodel our homes and disrupt gigabucks of energy dollars. Same on Home Canning or Bulk Break Food Clubs. Which I’ve been hands on with since age 8. Disruptive from childhood :}

    And we;re decades away from our best “Fabbers” ebing a danger to mass factories other than in niches. Disruptive niches to be honest- but overall- much of our lives will still be factory made.. And Farms will still feed us despite my gardens or Local Foods movements.

    Dare i pun calling it “Delicious” to use Mass Media like FB to Evangeli Food clubs?

    The closer for me Now?

    Our Blogs are our tracts for OUR beliefs. Printing excerpts and handing them out in Meatspace is OUR Propaganda… Call it enlisting in the Disruptive Armies?

    Oren Beck March 1, 2013 (11:29 am)

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